Tuesday, November 16, 2010

Angklung to be confirmed by the UNESCO as world cultural heritage native to Indonesia

Angklung now immediately confirmed by the UNESCO as world cultural heritage native to Indonesia.After batik, keris and puppets, musical instruments angklung now immediately confirmed by the UNESCO as world cultural heritage native to Indonesia on November 18, 2010 in Nairobi, Kenya.
"On November 18 2010, angklung will be unveiled to the world cultural heritage," said Secretary General of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism (Kemenbudpar), Wardiyatmo, here on Tuesday.

Inauguration will be done in Nairobi, Kenya, in a UNESCO meeting on Thursday, November 18, 2010.
It has sent an ambassador who chaired by the Director General of Cultural Values of Art and Film (NBSF) to witness the inaugural angklung as a world cultural heritage.

"Going forward we is targeting Indonesia’s world heritage recognized by UNESCO will be more and more," he said.

Inauguration angklung by the UN agency for education, science, and culture (UNESCO) as world cultural heritage of indigenous Indonesian it means to follow batik, wayang, kris and who previously had already been confirmed.
He said it has sought a variety of things to be able to record angklung as a world cultural heritage.
The struggle has been carried out since several years ago until finally angklung will soon be recognized entry in the "Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity".

He said he recorded the heritage of the world until this time had as many as 890 sites with 689 in the form of cultural heritage, 176 natural heritage, and 25 mixed cultural heritage and natural heritage.
"Among that number, world heritage Indonesia has owned as many as 11 pieces," he said.
Of the 11 world heritage Indonesia owned by 4 of them in the form of natural, 3 cultural heritage, and 4 works of intangible culture.

For the world heritage natural form consists of Ujung Kulon National Park, Banten, Komodo National Park, East Nusa Tenggara, Lorentz National Park, Papua, and the tropical forests of Sumatra (Gunung Leuser National Park, Kerinci Seblat and Bukit Barisan).
As for the nature reserve which the Borobudur Temple Complex which is recognized by UNESCO since 1991, Prambanan Temple Complex (1991), and the prehistoric site of Sangiran.

Indonesia's intangible cultural work that has been and will be recognized by UNESCO which puppet (a masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity, 2003), kris (a masterpiece of the oral and intangible heritage of humanity, 2005), batik (a representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity, 2009), and angklung (representative list of the intangible cultural heritage of humanity, November 18, 2010).

Wikipedia said Angklung is a musical instrument made out of two bamboo tubes attached to a bamboo frame. The tubes are carved so that they have a resonant pitch when struck. The two tubes are tuned to octaves. The base of the frame is held with one hand while the other hand shakes the instrument rapidly from side to side. This causes a rapidly repeating note to sound. Thus each of three or more angklung performers in an ensemble will play just one note and together complete melodies are produced. Angklung is popular throughout Southeast Asia, but originated from Indonesia and it has been used and played by the Sundanese since the ancient times.In the Hindu period and the era of the Kingdom of Sunda, the people of Sunda, as West Java is called, used the angklung to signal the time for prayer. Later, in Kingdom of Sunda these instruments were used as martial music in the Bubat War (Perang Bubat) as told in the Kidung Sunda.The angklung functioned to build community spirit. It was used by the Sundanese until the colonial era (Dutch East Indies, V.O.C). At that time, the Dutch East Indies government forbade the playing the angklung. Because of this, the popularity of the instrument decreased and it came to be played only by children.[citation needed]The angklung got more international attention when Daeng Soetigna, from Bandung, West Java, expanded angklung tuning not only to play traditional pélog or sléndro scales, but also the diatonic scale in 1938. Since then, angklung is often played together with other western music instruments in an orchestra. One of the first well-known performances of angklung in an orchestra was during the Bandung Conference in 1955. A few years later, Udjo Ngalagena, a student of Daeng Soetigna, opened his "Saung Angklung" (House of Angklung) in 1966 as a centre for its development.

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